Archive for May 22nd, 2020

Management of Business Logistics. *Procurement (WallMart)

Please Read the instructions carefully..I will upload the Professor Instructions.
*Please No plagiarism because they will check in the system.
**The subject: Management of Business Logistics.
The company I choose (WallMart)
*The topic I choose from the List
(Procurement) Of amazon.  Please write about the (Procurement) In Amazon
*From a prospective of Management of Business Logistics

Peer Post Review

    Replies should be at least 150+ words each
    Replies should be supported by at least 1 new scholarly article and 2 citations each
    Replies should be respectful
    Replies should advance the conversation

POST 1
Institutional Theory
Intuitional theory suggests organizations over time adopt similar if not the same organizational strategies, becoming isomorphic.  Organizational isomorphism according to Deephouse (1996) is the resemblance of an organization to other organizations.  More succinctly, organizational isomorphism involves strategies that are mimicked such as acquisitions, diversification, and other financial strategies or organizational strategies (Deephouse, 1996).  In appearance, it seems as though organizations position themselves so that they are not far behind the leader in terms of innovation and market shares.  McDonalds and Burger King are a prime example of isomorphism that explains the general idea of institutional theory.  Burger King replicates McDonald’s geographical strategy and operational strategies.  After McDonald’s do market research, Burger King simply follows the current. These are the benefits of imitating other firms. Which is to say being number two is not necessarily a bad strategic position.  DiMaggio (1983) informs organizations compete for customers and resources.  The forerunner often works out the kinks and identifies issues that the runner up can avoid.  The ultimate strategy of the come from behind leader for some organizations is to discover what the competition does well and do it better.
This notion is not to suggest that organizations are slaves to each other; that what one company does the other is forced to mimic.  Suddaby (2010) recognizes some of the research state contingency theory is represented in institutional theory, pointing to the opinion institutions are subject to their environment and adjust accordingly.  Suddaby (2010) also recognizes DiMaggio (1998) who argues emphatically against the idea that organizations are prisoners to their institutional environment, and simply adjust on a whim, on the contrary, organizations reflect their institutional environment and are institutional entrepreneurs.  What is inferred is that organizations are constantly reinventing processes to improve themselves, which ultimately helps the competition improve.  As such, institutions are improving industries and driving instead of following.  This interesting dichotomy is what makes explaining institutional theory difficult as pinpointing what institutionalism is can be approached by interpreting what institutionalization is not.  Intuitional theory embodies the idea that institutionalism is a specific organizational practice while it also represents the organization as a whole.

Post 2
Institutional Theory is a continuation and extension of the intellectual revolution that began in the 1960s, which introduced the concept of open systems in the study of organizations.Institutional theories of organizations provide a complex view of orga-nizations. In these theories, organizations are influenced by normative pressures, sometimes arising from external sources such as the state, other times arising from within the organization itself. Under some conditions, these pressures lead the organization to be guided by legitimated elements, from standard operating procedures to professional certification and state requirement, which often have the effect of directing attention away from task performance (Dacin, Goodstein, & Scott, 2002). In time, institutional theory came to recognize the significant organizational effects that are associated with the increase of cultural and social forces: the institutional environment (Dacin, et al., 2002). In fact, as institutional theory has grown, some branches have moved closer to behavioral theory. Organizations came to be seen as being more than productive systems; they were now seen as cultural and social systems (De Pra, da Cunha, Lima, Carstens, 2017). Institutional theorists assert that the institutional environment can strongly influence the development of formal structures in an organization, often more so than market pressures. Dimaggio and Powell (1983) were key to the growth of Institutional Theory, which has come to encompass a large variety of phenomena within the field of organizational studies. Institutional theory is a theoretical framework for analyzing social and in particular, particularly organizational phenomena (Dacin, et al., 2002).  In sum, Institutional theory seeks to explain organizational communication in terms of shared pre-existing rules, beliefs, and norms in the external environment of organizations. Complying with institutionalized prescriptions has benefits such as a means for gaining legitimacy, a decrease in uncertainty, and an increase in intelligibility of organizations actions and activities (Dacin, et al., 2002). 

RFID

Please review the attached paper and sources and answer the following questions:

1. Three challenges and solutions and conclusion
2. What are the difficulties involved in enacting the innovation into your organization?
3. What are solutions to these problems? Choose the real issuesnot just ones that are easy to solve. Make sure you are focusing on the specific issues of your unit at the local level.

Any topic (writer’s choice)

Word count:  1000 words

Paragraph structure

        Each essay should contain 5 well-organized paragraphs: Introductory paragraph,
          three body paragraphs (for each of the three factors) and a concluding paragraph.

        Each paragraph should contain a topic sentence, supporting details and a
          concluding sentence.

        Topic sentence in each paragraph should be highlighted/underlined

        Language errors should be avoided.

Instructions to avoid plagiarism

        List all the sources you have cited under the References at the end of your essay   
          in the alphabetical order. (use the Harvard referencing system)

Evaluating Your Curriculum Using an Interdisciplinary Approach

Stated the original problem or issue
Stated the reason why an interdisciplinary approach was used to study your curriculum
Explained why certain classes from different disciplines were chosen
Explained why each discipline was important to include in your curriculum, identified commonalities or conflicts, demonstrated how discipline knowledge was applied
Developed adequacy in each discipline
Examined each discipline in the context of the problem Demonstrated effects of conflicts
Explained if common ground was built
Described if elements of common ground were integrated into the potential job
Determined if the integration of your three classes was relevant to a real world job

History & Philosophy of Science

Discuss genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as an issue of public policy in which ethical issues are involved, in which scientific information is relevant and in which such scientific information is publicly claimed to be accurate but might be of disputed quality. Provide references to and evaluate the quality of information that you have personally encountered to date concerning the safety of GMOs. Explain your methodology of analyzing the information you have encountered. In doing so, detail how one can know whether the information is relevant. What is the proper method of analysis for safety? Is there reliable and responsible public discourse concerning proper methods of analysis and the relevant information to conduct such analysis. Please cite sources and explain.

Explain how you would sort through the issues of scientific uncertainty, ethical uncertainty and economic forecasting uncertainty about the use of GMOs. One irresponsible approach might be to advocate ignoring the scientific uncertainty and treating the scientific results as certain for purposes of policy. Another irresponsible extreme one might require that all uncertainties be resolved and that absolute safety be established before allowing the use of GMOs. The aim would be extreme cautiousness, but can you justify such an approach as ethical, given that there are certain to be negative impacts on the lives of people? Such caution might result in the near certainty of harm. What would be a responsible approach?

Comment on whether there can be general guidelines concerning how to treat possibly uncertain scientific results, that may be important in policy decisions. Consider how one might address the quality of the scientific results, the reliability of the reporting of those results by government agencies and public media, the reliability of government, politicians and the press in advocating for particular scientific claims, and the potential existence of deliberately  misleading claims?

Golden rice is a genetically modified, Vitamin A enhanced rice. Please review the websites listed below and the documents in the “GOLDEN RICE” section of the Documents Section of this course that are also available below.

Summarize each of these documents explaining what each one claims and how each one established its claims to be valid.
Please search through the publicly available literature on Golden Rice on scholar.google.com and elsewhere. Identify at least two documents that provide significant information concerning public decision making policy concerns about Golden Rice that is not reported in the collection of documents provided to you here.

For all of the Document/GOLDEN RICE articles and the ones that you identify, evaluate the detailed argument presented concerning the safety and efficacy of Golden Rice.

Among these documents and websites are claims that further research is needed to establish the safety of GMOs.  Discuss to what degree these claims are specific. Are they reasonable? Do these claims, when made, specify what information is lacking and designate a methodology for obtaining the claimed required information?

Discuss the specific claims in the documents concerning mortality and morbidity among children due to Vitamin A deficiencies. Is this information accurate? How do you discern the accuracy of these specific claims? Could Golden Rice prevent avoidable death and blindness, and, if so, how many?

In documents that contain claims of uncertainty, discuss the document’s quantitative explanation of what degree of uncertainty is claimed to exist and what specific research must be done to address the specific sources of uncertainty that is indicated. If you encounter a document that claims uncertainty in safety but does not provide a quantitative analysis of the claimed uncertainty, explain why a quantitative assessment is not presented.

Is Golden Rice safe for human consumption? Is it effective? Could lives be saved using it? Cite specific sources and data and explain in detail how you justify your position.

What has prevented the introduction of Golden Rice to populations where Vitamin A Deficiency is prevalent and a significant cause of child mortality?

Climate change has, at least prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, been presented by many influential sources as a longterm danger meriting decisive and immediate action. Golden Rice has not received such public attention and insistence. Compare the scientific uncertainties in the risks of climate change mediation and of Golden Rice cultivation.

http://goldenrice.org/

http://irri.org/golden-rice

Greenpeace is opposed to the introduction of golden rice:

https://www.greenpeace.org/archive-international/en/campaigns/agriculture/problem/Greenpeace-and-Golden-Rice/

Any topic (writer’s choice)

Write a 2-3 paragraph summary describing which reimbursement models should be used in health care for a nurse practitioner starting a new business.

What are some reimbursement models that you would utilize in your practice and why? 

This assignment should assess and evaluate the different reimbursement models that are available for nurse practitioners.

Inventory Management

Research two (2) manufacturing or two (2) service companies that manage inventory and complete this assignment.

Write a five to seven (5-7) page paper in which you:

Determine the types of inventories these companies currently manage and describe their essential inventory characteristics.

Analyze how each of their goods and service design concepts are integrated.

Evaluate the role their inventory plays in the company’s performance, operational efficiency, and customer satisfaction.

Compare and contrast the four (4) different types of layouts found with each company; explain the importance of the layouts to the company’s manufacturing or service operations.

Determine at least two (2) metrics to evaluate supply chain performance of the companies; suggest improvements to the design and operations of their supply chains based on those metrics.

Suggest ways to improve the inventory management for each of the companies without affecting operations and the customer benefit package. Provide a rationale to support the suggestion.

Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Quick Trip Case Study

Complete an analysis of the QuickTrip. Assess the organizational layout, performance metrics, and the technology that is used to measure performance and connect with consumers.

The QuickTrip Case Study is available in the course shell. It is also available at the following link: http://supplychainresearch.com/images/quik_trip.pdf

Write a six to seven (6-7) page paper in which you:

Evaluate QuickTrip operations strategy and explain how the organization seeks to gain a competitive advantage in terms of sustainability.

Analyze how operation management activities affect the customer experience. Select two (2) operation management challenges and provide the solutions for confronting them.

Examine QuickTrip value chain and evaluate its effectiveness to operations in terms of quality, value creation, and customer satisfaction.

Determine the different types of performance measurements that can be used to measure QuickTrip service-delivery system design. Select at least two (2) types that can be applied and provide justifications for the selection.

Examine the different types of technologies applied to QuickTrip service operations and evaluate how the technologies strengthen the value chain.

Use at least two (2) quality resources in this assignment that do not include the initial case study. Note: Wikipedia and similar websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Social Performance of Organizations

According to the textbook, the current world economy is increasingly becoming integrated and interdependent; as a result, the relationship between business and society is becoming more complex. In this assignment, you will be researching a Fortune 500 company from an approved company list provided by your professor. Be sure to check the list before you begin.

Write a four to six (46) page paper in which you:

Specify the nature, structure, and types of products or services of your company, and identify two (2) key factors in the organizations external environment that can affect its success. Provide an explanation to support the rationale.

Suggest five (5) ways in which the primary stakeholders can influence the organizations financial performance. Provide support for the response.

Specify one (1) controversial corporate social responsibility concern associated with your company.

Submit a reference page with at least four (4) quality references that you have used for this paper. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.